Corporate Responsibility Audits: Doing Well by Doing Good
Responsibility audits are a management tool for demonstrating the potential qualitative and financial benefits of mirroring core values and ethics in day-to-day practice. Waddock and Smith argue that corporate financial performance and socially responsible practices are positively correlated. They outline a responsibility auditing process that improves both the bottom line and a firm's stakeholder relationships with owners, employees, suppliers, customers, local communities, and government entities.
Companies typically overlook the hidden costs of problematic or less responsible practices. The authors cite examples of how operating responsibly often saves money (in overhead, employee turnover rates, insurance costs, and other non-value-added expenses) and may even create profitable new opportunities.
Eight companies beta tested the authors' responsibility audit by comparing their operating practices with their formally stated vision, values, and mission. All uncovered deficiencies in four operating areas: employee relations, quality systems, community relations, and environmental practices. The audit process consistently revealed that when a company adopted proactive, responsible practices, it reaped measurable improvements in efficiency and productivity, lowered legal exposure and risks to the company's reputation, and reduced direct and overhead costs. By creating an adaptive and proactive corporate culture from the top down, operating responsibly becomes a core business strategy.